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.FR

.FR is the official country code Top-Level-Domain (ccTLD) of France. .FR domains can be registered by Individuals residing in the territory of the European Union as well as Entities having their registered or main office on the territory of a Member of the European Union.

Other AFNIC managed TLDs include:


Fr.png
Introduced 1986
Country France
Registry AFNIC
IDN Capable Yes
Webpage Register .FR

Contents

Registry

TLD

.fr

Allowed TLDs

.fr, .pm, .tf, .wf, .yt

Registry

AFNIC

Dispute Policy

Rules

Registrar

1api GmbH

WHOIS-Server

whois.afnic.fr

WHOIS-Update

-

Min. Characters

2

Max. Characters

63

Character Set
  • Letters and numbers
  • Hyphens ("-"), however not at the beginning or directly in front of the TLD
  • IDN: not allowed
Limitations
  • Registrant Contacts: Required: 1 / Maximum: 1
  • Admin Contacts: Required: 0 / Maximum: 1
  • Tech Contacts: Required: 1 / Maximum: 3
  • Billing Contacts: Required: 0 / Maximum: 1


The administrative contact must be located in the following countries:
  • Austria (AT)
  • Åland Islands (AX)
  • Belgium (BE)
  • Bulgaria (BG)
  • Saint Barthélemy (BL)
  • BQ (BQ)
  • Switzerland (CH)
  • Curaçao (CW)
  • Cyprus (CY)
  • Czech Republic (CZ)
  • Germany (DE)
  • Denmark (DK)
  • Estonia (EE)
  • Spain (ES)
  • Finland (FI)
  • France (FR)
  • United Kingdom (GB)
  • French Guiana (GF)
  • Gibraltar (GI)
  • Guadeloupe (GP)
  • Greece (GR)
  • Croatia (HR)
  • Hungary (HU)
  • Ireland (IE)
  • Iceland (IS)
  • Italy (IT)
  • Liechtenstein (LI)
  • Lithuania (LT)
  • Luxembourg (LU)
  • Latvia (LV)
  • Monaco (MC)
  • Saint Martin (MF)
  • Martinique (MQ)
  • Malta (MT)
  • New Caledonia (NC)
  • Netherlands (NL)
  • Norway (NO)
  • French Polynesia (PF)
  • Poland (PL)
  • Saint Pierre and Miquelon (PM)
  • Portugal (PT)
  • Réunion (RE)
  • Romania (RO)
  • Sweden (SE)
  • Slovenia (SI)
  • Slovakia (SK)
  • SS (SS)
  • Sint Maarten (SX)
  • French Southern Territories (TF)
  • Wallis and Futuna (WF)
  • Mayotte (YT)

{{{Possible Extensions}}}

IDN capable

YES

Restore capable

Real-Time

Handle Updates

Supported

Registration System

Real-Time

Allowed number of NS

0 to 8

Registry Nameservercheck

Yes

Host IP-Addresses Type

IPv4 / IPv6

Hosts managed as

Attribute

Root Nameserver Update

hourly

SEC DNS Interface

DS data interface

Transferclass

Pull

Transfer Periods

reset, 1 year added

Transfer Authcode required

Yes

Transfer Real-Time

No

Transfer ACK by

Customer

Transfer NACK by

Registry

Transfer Lock

No

Owner Change by

ICANN-TRADE

Trade Real-Time

No

Transfer included

Yes

Trade ACK by

Both

Trade NACK by

Customer


Periods

{{{Possible Extensions}}}

Registration Periods

1-10 years

Add Grace Period

0 days

Accounting Period

-1 week

Finalization Period

-1 day

Failure Period

-1 day

Payment Period

-61 days

Deletion Restorable Period

30 days

Deletion Hold Period

0 days

Explicit Renewals

Yes

Renewal Periods

1-9 years


API

Domain Registration

Domains can be registered in Real-Time with the API AddDomain command. Available zones:

  • FR
  • COM.FR (Only existing domains. New 3rd level registrations are not possible any more since December 6, 2011)
Registration of 2-letter domains is not possible!
command = AddDomain
domain  = (DOMAIN)

REQUIRED

ownercontact0 = (CONTACT)
admincontact0 = (CONTACT)
techcontact0 = (CONTACT)
billingcontact0 = (CONTACT)
nameserver0 = (NAMESERVER)
nameserver1 = (NAMESERVER)

OPTIONAL

auth = (TEXT) | (NULL)
period = (PERIOD)
transferlock = 0 | 1 | (NULL)

X-FR-ACCEPT-TRUSTEE-TAC = 1
X-FR-REGISTRANT-BIRTH-DATE = (YYYY-MM-DD)
X-FR-REGISTRANT-BIRTH-PLACE = (TEXT)
X-FR-REGISTRANT-LEGAL-ID = (TEXT)
X-FR-REGISTRANT-TRADEMARK-NUMBER = (TEXT)
X-FR-REGISTRANT-DUNS-NUMBER = (TEXT)
X-FR-REGISTRANT-LOCAL-ID = (TEXT)
X-FR-REGISTRANT-JO-DATE-DECLARATION = (YYYY-MM-DD)
X-FR-REGISTRANT-JO-NUMBER = (NULL)
X-FR-REGISTRANT-JO-PAGE = (NULL)
X-FR-REGISTRANT-JO-DATE-PUBLICATION = (YYYY-MM-DD)

Further information can be found at TLD specific

Domain Transfer

The expiration date of ALL AFNIC TLD's (FR & RE, etc.) will be reset to the date of the successful transfer + 1 year. The losing registrar has 9 days to approve/decline the pending transfer.

command = TransferDomain
domain = (DOMAIN)

REQUIRED

auth = (TEXT) | (NULL)
admincontact0 = (CONTACT)
techcontact0 = (CONTACT)

OPTIONAL

period = (PERIOD)
transferlock = 0 | 1 | (NULL)
action = REQUEST | APPROVE | DENY | CANCEL | USERTRANSFER

Delete Domain

Domains can be deleted with the API DeleteDomain command.
There is a Deletion Restorable Period of 30 days.

command = DeleteDomain
domain = (DOMAIN)

Restore Domain

Restores can be processed in realtime. A restore is possible within 30 days upon deletion. Please use the command RestoreDomain.

command = RestoreDomain
domain = (DOMAIN)

OPTIONAL

subuser = (TEXT)
renewalmode = (NULL) | (TEXT)

Ownerchange

Any changes to the registrant first name, last name, and organization must be made by requesting a trade with the TradeDomain command. All other contact information can be updated through the ModifyDomain command.

Please note that the AFNIC registrant change procedure is handled similarly to ICANN's Inter-Registrar Transfer Policy, except for the transfer lock, which does not exist in this case. Note that the trade must be confirmed by both the old and new registrants (or their respective Designated Agents). For more information, please see the policy page referenced above.

command = TradeDomain
domain = <DOMAIN>
ownercontact0 = <CONTACT>
X-CONFIRM-DA-NEW-REGISTRANT = 0 | 1
X-CONFIRM-DA-OLD-REGISTRANT = 0 | 1 
X-FR-REGISTRANT-LEGAL-ID = <TEXT>

A Change of Registrar with the simultaneous change in the Registrant is NOT possible anymore.

TLD specific

Registration

Depending on the type of registrant, different extensions must be provided. If a certain requirement can't be fulfilled, please use HEXONET´s Trustee service to register .FR domains.

1. Individual:
If you are an individual, you may state the following parameters:

X-FR-REGISTRANT-BIRTH-DATE = (DATE) - The registrant's date of birth in the form YYYY-MM-DD<br>
X-FR-REGISTRANT-BIRTH-PLACE = (TEXT) (max. 255 chars) - The registrant's place of birth
  French registrants can provide the place of birth in the form <ZIP code>,<City>
         (e.g. "78181, Saint Quentin en Yvelines Cedex").
  Non-French registrants simply can provide the <TWO-LETTER COUNTRY CODE> of their country of birth (e.g. "DE").

2. Company: Companies having their head office in the territory of the European Union: The VAT must be provided through an extension:

X-FR-REGISTRANT-LEGAL-ID = (TEXT) (max. 255 chars
French company with a SIREN or SIRET number should continue to provide this number instead as legal id. The SIREN (Système d’Identification du Répertoire des Entreprises) number is the first part of the SIRET NUMBER and consists of 9 digits. The SIRET (Système d’Identification du Répertoire des Etablissements) number is a unique identification number with 14 digits.


3. Companies with a European trademark: For companies with a European trademark can additionally add their trademark number using this extension:

 X-FR-REGISTRANT-TRADEMARK-NUMBER = (TEXT) (max. 255 chars) - the trademark number

4. Companies with a DUNS number: The DUNS number is a nine-digit number, issued by Dun & Bradstreet. DUNS is the abbreviation of Data Universal Numbering System. Companies with a valid DUNS number are still obliged having their head office in the territory of the European Union. The DUNS number can be provided using this extension:

X-FR-REGISTRANT-DUNS-NUMBER = (TEXT) (max. 255 chars)- The DUNS number

5. Companies with a local identifier specific to a country of the European Economic Area can provide their local identifier using this extension:

X-FR-REGISTRANT-LOCAL-ID = (TEXT) (max. 255 chars) - A local identifier

6. French associations listed with the Journal Officiel de la République Française - The official gazette of the French Republic: The Journal Official Associations publishes notices of creations, breakup or substantial changes with nonprofit associations in France. Using the website http://www.societe.com and the database they provide, query for the respective data below to register a .FR domain name.

X-FR-REGISTRANT-JO-DATE-DECLARATION - the date of declaration of the association in the form '''YYYY-MM-DD'''.<br>
X-FR-REGISTRANT-JO-NUMBER - the number of the Journal Officiel.<br>
X-FR-REGISTRANT-JO-PAGE - the page of the announcement in the Journal Officiel<br>
X-FR-REGISTRANT-JO-DATE-PUBLICATION - the date of publication in the Journal Officiel in the form <b>YYYY-MM-DD</b>

Nameserver requirements

Zone configuration:

  • the zone is installed on all the name servers (at least two servers)
  • the zone contact (RNAME) is legal;
  • the serial number of the zone is the same on each of the servers;
  • the values in the different fields of the SOA must comply with the following constraints
    • FIELD - Minimum Value - Maximum Value
    • Expires - 1 week - 100 weeks
    • Minimum - 3 minutes - 1 week
    • Refresh - 1 hour - 2 days
    • Retry - 15 minutes - 1 day
  • the value of the retry field is lower than that of the refresh field, and
  • the value of the expire field is far higher (at least seven times) than that of the refresh field;
  • the "TLL" duration in the SOA specifies the TLL for negative responses (NXDOMAIN) and must not be greater than one day;
  • the "TLL" duration must be at least one hour for SOA and NS registrations;
  • the list of name servers for the zone returned by the server, corresponds with the list of servers stated in the Request;
  • the hostmaster address for the zone is valid and can be contacted


Configuration of name servers:

  • the server has international IP connectivity;
  • the server can be contacted seven days a week, 24 hours a day;
  • it must be possible to access the DNS service on port 53 in UDP and TCP for packets sent from any machine over the Internet;
  • the server is authoritative for the zone requested;
  • for the ".in-addr.arpa" and "." .fr zones, the server must obtain a correct list of the corresponding name servers and is not authoritative if it does not
  • appear in this list. The server addresses specified must be correct;
  • the server obtains the correct address for each of the other servers in the zone;
  • the server carries out checksums on the UDP packets and generates IP packets with a TLL of at least 64;
  • the server does not forward requests to one of the AFNIC servers, it must be possible to obtain the names of the servers from their IP addresses.
  • AFNIC performs a zone pre-check. You may perform this pre-check by yourself to check if the nameservers are correct: http://www.zonecheck.fr</a>

Transfer

COM.FR

New 3rd level registrations are not possible any more since December 6, 2011. Previously registered domains are still supported. The registrant of a .COM.FR domain has to be a French organization.

Addons

The following overview shows you all available Domain Addons which can be used for this special kind of TLD. It also shows the respective API parameters which are required to activate the Domain Addons:

Addon Class Parameter to (de)activate *1) Renewal term *2) Affected Parameters *3)
Trustee X-FR-ACCEPT-TRUSTEE-TAC = 0 | 1 1 month OWNERCONTACT,ADMINCONTACT
Trustee X-FR-ACCEPT-TRUSTEE-TAC = 0 | 1 1 month OWNERCONTACT,ADMINCONTACT






*1) Parameter to (de)activate: When accessing our backend through the API, you can either activate the addon with X-FR-ACCEPT-TRUSTEE-TAC=1 or deactivate it with
      X-FR-ACCEPT-TRUSTEE-TAC=0
*2) Renewal Term: Is the minimum renewal term of the "Addon Class"
*3) If you are using a "Trustee" Domain Addon normally the original owner contact or the original admin contact or both are replaced by a contact provided by the trustee provider.
      
      



RegistrarOC

ICANN Whois Data Reminder Policy (WDRP)

At least annually, a registrar must present to the registrant the current Whois information, and remind the registrant that provision of false Whois information can be grounds for cancellation of his domain name registration. Registrants must review their Whois data, and make any corrections.

ICANN Registrar Data Escrow Program (RDE)

Under the data escrow provision of the Registrar Accreditation Agreement (RAA), all ICANN-accredited registrars must regularly deposit a backup copy of their gTLD registration data with ICANN through ICANN's arrangement with Iron Mountain or they may elect to use a Third Party Provider of RDE services that has been approved by ICANN.

Restore Process

To restore a domain as a RegistrarOC customer, you simply have to execute the RestoreDomain command. HEXONET directly forwards the restore request to the registry, which performs the restore in real-time. As soon as the restore is complete, the domain will get assigned to your account with the original domain data.

Please do not initiate a restore directly at the registry (e.g. using the registrar webinterface). All restore operations must be performed through our system.