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.ES

.ES is the so-called country code Top-Level-Domain (ccTLD) of Spain. A .ES domain is normally used by companies or private entities who are located in Spain or who have business relationships with Spain.


Es.png
Introduced 1988
Country Spain
Registry red.es
IDN Capable Yes
Webpage Register .ES

Contents


Registry

TLD

.es

Allowed TLDs

.es, .com.es, .nom.es, .org.es

Registry

red.es

Dispute Policy

Rules

Registrar

1api GmbH

WHOIS-Server

https://www.nic.es/

WHOIS-Update

Real-Time

Min. Characters

3

Max. Characters

63

Character Set
  • Letters and numbers
  • Hyphens ("-"), however not at the beginning or directly in front of the TLD
  • IDN: allowed
Limitations
  • Registrant Contacts: Required: 1 / Maximum: 1
  • Admin Contacts: Required: 1 / Maximum: 1
  • Tech Contacts: Required: 1 / Maximum: 4
  • Billing Contacts: Required: 1 / Maximum: 4

{{{Possible Extensions}}}

IDN capable

Yes

Restore capable

Real-Time

Handle Updates

Unsupported

Registration System

Real-Time

Allowed number of NS

0 to 7

Registry Nameservercheck

No

Host IP-Addresses Type

IPv4 / IPv6

Hosts managed as

Object

Root Nameserver Update

several times a day

SEC DNS Interface

DS data interface

Transferclass

Pull

Transfer Periods

0Y

Transfer Authcode required

No

Transfer Real-Time

No

Transfer ACK by

Customer

Transfer NACK by

Customer

Transfer Lock

No

Owner Change by

Trade

Trade Periods

-

Transfer included

No

Trade Confirmation (Request / Approve)

Fax / -


Periods

{{{Possible Extensions}}}

Registration Periods

1-5 years / 10 years

Add Grace Period

0 days

Accounting Period

-12 days

Finalization Period

-6 days

Failure Period

-6 days

Payment Period

-61 days

Deletion Restorable Period

10 days

Deletion Hold Period

0 days

Explicit Renewals

Yes

Renewal Periods

1-5 years / 10 years


API

Domain Registration

Domains can be registered in Real-Time with the API AddDomain command.

Available zones:

  • ES
  • COM.ES
  • NOM.ES
  • ORG.ES


command = AddDomain
domain  = (DOMAIN)

REQUIRED

ownercontact0 = (CONTACT)
admincontact0 = (CONTACT)
techcontact0 = (CONTACT)
billingcontact0 = (CONTACT)
nameserver0 = (NAMESERVER)
nameserver1 = (NAMESERVER)
X-ES-REGISTRANT-TIPO-IDENTIFICACION = 0 |  1 | 3
X-ES-REGISTRANT-IDENTIFICACION = A123456B
X-ES-ADMIN-TIPO-IDENTIFICACION = 0 |  1 | 3 
X-ES-ADMIN-IDENTIFICACION = A123456B
X-ES-ACCEPT-INDIVIDUAL-REGISTRATION-TAC = 0 | 1 (only for individuals)

OPTIONAL

X-ES-REGISTRANT-FORM-JURIDICA = 1 | 39 | 47 | ..... | 877 | ...
auth = <TEXT> | <NULL>
transferlock = 0 | 1 | <NULL>
subuser = <TEXT> | <NULL>

Domain Transfer

The transfer has to be initiated by the gaining registrar and can be requested with the API TransferDomain command.
As soon as a domain transfer has been initiated it can either be approved ("ACK") by Customer or denied ("NACK") by Customer.
The domain will not be renewed upon a successful transfer, so the expiration date of the domain will stay unchanged.

command = TransferDomain
domain = (DOMAIN)

REQUIRED

action = REQUEST | APPROVE | DENY | CANCEL | USERTRANSFER

OPTIONAL

order = CREATE | REPLACE | UPDATE
subuser = <TEXT> | <NULL>
period = <PERIOD>
transferlock = 0 | 1 | <NULL>

Delete Domain

Domains can be deleted with the API DeleteDomain command.
There is a Deletion Restorable Period of 10 days.

command = DeleteDomain
domain = (DOMAIN)
An email notification is sent to the administrative contact. The administrative contact can confirm the deletion request within 10 days. If the deletion request is not confirmed in time the domain will only be deleted at the end of its term.

Restore Domain

Restores can be processed in realtime. A restore is possible within 10 days upon deletion. Please use the command RestoreDomain.

command = RestoreDomain
domain = (DOMAIN)

OPTIONAL

renewalmode = <NULL> | <TEXT>
subuser = <TEXT>

Ownerchange

In order to change the owner, you have to request a trade with the TradeDomain command. This can be done through our web interface or through our API:

command = TradeDomain
domain = <DOMAIN>
ownercontact0 = <CONTACT>
admincontact0 = <CONTACT>
X-ES-REGISTRANT-TIPO-IDENTIFICACION = 0 |  1 | 3
X-ES-REGISTRANT-IDENTIFICACION = A123456B
X-ES-ADMIN-TIPO-IDENTIFICACION = 0 |  1 | 3
X-ES-ADMIN-IDENTIFICACION = 123456A
X-ES-ACCEPT-INDIVIDUAL-REGISTRATION-TAC = 0 | 1 (only for individuals)

OPTIONAL

X-ES-REGISTRANT-FORM-JURIDICA = 1 | 39 | 47 | ..... | 877 | ...
You have to state the contact handle of the new registrant. Please remember that the registry does not allow handle updates. Please always create a new contact handle and do not use modified contact handles.


TLD specific

Domain Registration - Additional parameters

In case of .ES registrations you have to identify the domain owner and admin contact with the corresponding additional parameters:

X-ES-REGISTRANT-TIPO-IDENTIFICACION = 0 |  1 | 3
X-ES-REGISTRANT-IDENTIFICACION = A123456B
X-ES-ADMIN-TIPO-IDENTIFICACION = 0 |  1 | 3 (The admin-c must be an individual)
X-ES-ADMIN-IDENTIFICACION = A123456B
X-ES-ACCEPT-INDIVIDUAL-REGISTRATION-TAC = 0 | 1 (only for individuals)
Value Description Documents
0 Otra; For non-spanish owner passport number, drivers license number or even national identify card number
1 NIF/DNI; For Spanish Individual or Organization Spanish National Personal ID or company VAT ID number
3 NIE: Alien registration card Spanish resident alien ID number


You can verfiy your NIF/NIE data at this european commision website:

http://ec.europa.eu/taxation_customs/vies/vatRequest.html


Individuals have to accept the Terms and Conditions for registering an ".es" Domain Name with the X-ES-ACCEPT-INDIVIDUAL-REGISTRATION-TAC parameter.

The OPTIONAL parameter of "X-ES-REGISTRANT-FORM-JURIDICA" have to identify the domain owner with the corresponding additional parameters:

X-ES-REGISTRANT-FORM-JURIDICA = 1 | 39 | 47 | ..... | 877 | ... 
Value Description
1 individual
39 Economic Interest Group
47 Association
59 Sports Association
68 Professional Association
124 Savings Bank
150 Community Property
152 Community of Owners
164 Order or Religious Institution
181 Consulate
197 Public Law Association
203 Embassy
229 Local Authority
269 Sports Federation
286 Foundation
365 Mutual Insurance Company
434 Regional Government Body
436 Central Government Body
439 Political Party
476 Trade Union
510 Farm Partnership
524 Public Limited Company
525 Sports Association
554 Civil Society
560 General Partnership
562 General and Limited Partnership
566 Cooperative
608 Worker-owned Company
612 Limited Company
713 Spanish Office
717 Temporary Alliance of Enterprises
744 Worker-owned Limited Company
745 Regional Public Entity
746 National Public Entity
747 Local Public Entity
877 Others
878 Designation of Origin Supervisory Council
879 Entity Managing Natural Areas


Available registry TLD's and restrictions

  • .ES/.COM.ES - Individuals and legal entities and organisations without legal entity with ties to Spain may apply for any .es" and/or .com.es domain.
  • .NOM.ES - For .nom.es domains, individuals entities with ties to Spain may apply.
  • .ORG.ES - Entities, institutions or groups, with or without legal entity, that are non-profit making and have ties to Spain may register .org.es domains.
  • .GOB.ES/.EDU.ES - The .gob.es and .edu.es domains may be applied for by Public Bodies and Entities and Institutions related to Education and Research in Spain, respectively.
The .gob.es domains are reserved for Spanish Public Administrations and the Public Law entities within their sphere.

Entities, institutions and groups, with or without legal entity, that are officially recognised and undertake activities related to education or research in Spain may obtain .edu.es domains.

Ownerchange

The procedure to change the registrant of a .ES domain is semi-automated and must be handled by both using our system and the system of the registry.


  • Request the login details from your customer for the admin contact of the domain at the registry webinterface.
  • If not available, perform a WHOIS request at the NIC to receive the contact handle name (Identificador) of the admin contact (PERSONA DE CONTACTO ADMINISTRATIVO). The WHOIS request can be made here
  • If the password, related to the registry contact handle, for the login at the registry is not known, you can request the password from the registry. The password will be send to the email address of the current admin contact. The password can be requested here.
  • Request the password from the holder of the domain for the admin contact handle
  • Request a trade for the domain in the HEXONET system, providing the new holder and new admin contact:
command = TradeDomain
domain = <DOMAIN>
ownercontact0 = <CONTACT>
admincontact0 = <CONTACT>
X-ES-REGISTRANT-TIPO-IDENTIFICACION = 0 |  1 | 3
X-ES-REGISTRANT-IDENTIFICACION = A123456B
X-ES-ADMIN-TIPO-IDENTIFICACION = 0 |  1 | 3
X-ES-ADMIN-IDENTIFICACION = 123456A
X-ES-ACCEPT-INDIVIDUAL-REGISTRATION-TAC = 0 | 1 (only for individuals)

OPTIONAL

X-ES-REGISTRANT-FORM-JURIDICA = 1 | 39 | 47 | ..... | 877 | ...
  • Contact our support at support@hexonet.net to retrieve the NIC handles for the new holder and new admin contact. Those are necessary to start the registrant transfer in the web interface of the registry. The handles are also being returned in the system response, as well as in the object log for this domain.
  • Login at the registry with the credentials of the current admin contact here
  • Once you are logged in the webinterface click on "Solicitud Transmisión de dominio" (Domain Transfer Request)
  • Enter the domain name
  • Enter the new owner contact handle "Titular nuevo"
  • Enter the new admin contact handle "PCA nuevo"
  • Enter the captcha and press "Continuar"
  • On the next page, press "Tramitacion sin DNIe Certificado ..."
  • Enter the path to the ID / Passport copy from the current admin of the domain and press "Finalizar solicitud". Please note, the file has to be a .JPG with max. 2MB and max. 600px.
  • The new admin contact will receive an email from the registry enabling him to confirm or cancel the transfer request after he logged in to the webinterface of the registry.
    • If the request is approved it must be confirmed by going to the link which appears in the email. Please note, to access the confirmation form the admin contact must be logged into the NIC web interface.
    • Once the transfer request has been accepted, the web interface will display the content of the request so that the information entered can be checked.
    • Once the transfer has been confirmed a form will appear “New registrant's conditions acceptance” on which new contacts and DNS and other parameters can be entered. With the exception of "Accredited Registrar" which must be set to "1API", please do not change anything else as this may cause un-synchronicity to the HEXONET system.
    • After you have chosen "1API" as registrar please click "Next".
    • On the next page, press "Tramitacion sin DNIe Certificado ..."
    • The request can be signed by uploading a copy of the ID card or passport from the mentioned admin.
    • Once the document has been signed a screen will appear showing a summary of the request and there will be a change of status.

Flowchart

ES TRADE process.png


Addons

RegistrarOC

Change of Registrant (Trade)

If you are RegistrarOC customer, you have to activate pending domain trades after receiving the fax form with the ActivateDomainTrade command. As RegistrarOC customer, you have the possibility to customize our fax form with your logo and your fax number.

Restore Process

To restore a domain as a RegistrarOC customer, you simply have to execute the RestoreDomain command. HEXONET directly forwards the restore request to the registry, which performs the restore in real-time. As soon as the restore is complete, the domain will get assigned to your account with the original domain data.

Please do not initiate a restore directly at the registry (e.g. using the registrar webinterface). All restore operations must be performed through our system.