Personal tools

From HEXONET Wiki

Jump to: navigation, search
.IT

.IT is the official country code Top-Level-Domain of Italy. Any companies or individuals who are interested in registering an .IT domain, or people from the Information technology business sector.


It.jpg
Introduced 1987
Country Italy
Registry NIC IT
IDN Capable Yes
Webpage Register .IT

Contents


Registry

TLD

.it

Registry

NIC IT

Dispute Policy

Rules

Registrar

1api GmbH

WHOIS-Server

whois.nic.it

WHOIS-Update

6 to 12 hours

Min. Characters

3

Max. Characters

63

Character Set
  • Letters and numbers
  • Hyphens ("-"), however not at the beginning or directly in front of the TLD
  • IDN: allowed
Limitations
  • Registrant Contacts: Required: 1 / Maximum: 1
  • Admin Contacts: Required: 1 / Maximum: 1
  • Tech Contacts: Required: 1 / Maximum: 1
  • Billing Contacts: Required: 0 / Maximum: 1


The registrant must be located in the following countries:
  • Austria (AT)
  • Belgium (BE)
  • Bulgaria (BG)
  • Switzerland (CH)
  • Cyprus (CY)
  • Czech Republic (CZ)
  • Germany (DE)
  • Denmark (DK)
  • Estonia (EE)
  • Spain (ES)
  • Finland (FI)
  • France (FR)
  • Greece (GR)
  • Hong Kong SAR China (HK)
  • Croatia (HR)
  • Hungary (HU)
  • Ireland (IE)
  • Iceland (IS)
  • Italy (IT)
  • Lithuania (LT)
  • Luxembourg (LU)
  • Latvia (LV)
  • Malta (MT)
  • Netherlands (NL)
  • Norway (NO)
  • Poland (PL)
  • Portugal (PT)
  • Sweden (SE)
  • Slovenia (SI)
  • Slovakia (SK)
  • San Marino (SM)
  • UK (UK)
  • Vatican City (VA)

{{{Possible Extensions}}}

IDN capable

Yes

Restore capable

Real-Time

Handle Updates

Supported (partially)

Registration System

Real-Time

Allowed number of NS

2 to 6

Registry Nameservercheck

Yes

Host IP-Addresses Type

IPv4

Hosts managed as

Attribute

Root Nameserver Update

six times a day (01:30, 05:30, 09:30, 13:30, 17:30, 21:30)

SEC DNS Interface

not available

Transferclass

Pull

Transfer Periods

reset, 1 year added

Transfer Authcode required

Yes

Transfer Real-Time

No

Transfer Pending Period

1 day

Transfer Expire Action

ACK

Transfer ACK by

Registrar

Transfer NACK by

Registrar

Transfer Lock

Yes (Internal Only)

Owner Change by

Trade

Trade Real-Time

No

Trade Periods

-

Transfer included

Yes

Trade Confirmation (Request / Approve)

- / -

Trade ACK by

-

Trade NACK by

-


Periods

{{{Possible Extensions}}}

Registration Periods

1 year

Add Grace Period

0 days

Accounting Period

0 days

Finalization Period

14 days

Failure Period

14 days

Payment Period

-61 days

Deletion Restorable Period

30 days

Deletion Hold Period

5 days

Explicit Renewals

No

Renewal Periods

1 year


API

Domain Registration

Domains can be registered in Real-Time with the API AddDomain command.

command = AddDomain
domain  = (DOMAIN)

REQUIRED

ownercontact0 = (CONTACT)
admincontact0 = (CONTACT)
techcontact0 = (CONTACT)
billingcontact0 = (CONTACT)
nameserver0 = (NAMESERVER)
nameserver1 = (NAMESERVER)

X-IT-PIN = (TEXT)
X-IT-ACCEPT-LIABILITY-TAC = 0 | 1
X-IT-ACCEPT-REGISTRATION-TAC = 0 | 1
X-IT-ACCEPT-EXPLICIT-TAC = 0 | 1

OPTIONAL

auth = (TEXT) | (NULL)
period = (PERIOD)
transferlock = 0 | 1 | (NULL)

X-IT-ACCEPT-TRUSTEE-TAC = 0 | 1
X-IT-NATIONALITY = (TEXT)
X-IT-ACCEPT-DIFFUSION-AND-ACCESSIBILITY-TAC = 0 | 1

Further information can be found at TLD specific

Domain Transfer

The transfer has to be initiated by the gaining registrar and can be requested with the API TransferDomain command.
A valid Authorization Code must be provided to initiate a transfer successfully. You may obtain the authorization code from the losing registrar.
As soon as a domain transfer has been initiated it can either be approved ("ACK") by Registrar or denied ("NACK") by Registrar. If the registry receives neither a denial ("NACK") nor an approval ("ACK") the transfer will be ACKed after 1 day.

command = TransferDomain
domain = (DOMAIN)

REQUIRED

auth = (TEXT)

OPTIONAL

admincontact0 = (CONTACT)
techcontact0 = (CONTACT)
X-IT-PIN = (TEXT)
period = (PERIOD)
transferlock = 0 | 1 | (NULL)
action = REQUEST | APPROVE | DENY | CANCEL | USERTRANSFER

Delete Domain

Domains can be deleted with the API DeleteDomain command.
There is a Deletion Restorable Period of 30 days and a following Deletion Hold Period of 5 days.

command = DeleteDomain
domain = (DOMAIN)

Restore Domain

Restores can be processed in realtime. A restore is possible within 30 days upon deletion. Please use the command RestoreDomain.

command = RestoreDomain
domain = (DOMAIN)

OPTIONAL

subuser = (TEXT)
renewalmode = (NULL) | (TEXT)

Ownerchange

In order to change the owner you have to request a trade with the TradeDomain command. This can be done through our web interface or through our API:

command = TradeDomain
domain = (DOMAIN)

REQUIRED

ownercontact0 = (CONTACT)
X-IT-ACCEPT-LIABILITY-TAC = 1
X-IT-ACCEPT-REGISTRATION-TAC = 1
X-IT-ACCEPT-EXPLICIT-TAC =  1
X-IT-PIN = <fiscal code/VAT Number/id number>

OPTIONAL

X-IT-ACCEPT-TRUSTEE-TAC = 0 | 1
X-IT-ACCEPT-DIFFUSION-AND-ACCESSIBILITY-TAC = 1




Further information can be found at TLD specific

TLD specific

Registration

The electronic application can be initiated through our webinterface or API as usual, but for .IT registrations additionally some special parameter are needed:

REQUIRED

X-IT-ACCEPT-LIABILITY-TAC = 0 | 1  - accepts "Section 3 - Declarations and assumptions of liability"
X-IT-ACCEPT-REGISTRATION-TAC = 0 | 1 - accepts "Section 5 - Consent to the processing of personal data for registration"
X-IT-ACCEPT-DIFFUSION-AND-ACCESSIBILITY-TAC = 0 | 1 - accepts - "Section 6 - Consent to the processing of personal data for diffusion and accessibility via the internet"
X-IT-ACCEPT-EXPLICIT-TAC = 0 | 1 - accepts "Section 7 - Explicit acceptance of the following points"
X-IT-PIN = <TEXT> (max. 255 chars) - further information below

Description:

  • To accept .IT terms and conditions:
     X-IT-ACCEPT-LIABILITY-TAC = 0 | 1 - accepts "Section 3 - Declarations and assumptions of liability"
    
  • Sect. - 3. Declarations and assumptions of liability The Registrant of the domain name in question, declares under their own responsibility that they are:
    - in possession of the citizenship or resident in a country belonging to the European Union (in the case of registration for natural persons);
    - established in a country belonging to the European Union (in the case of registration for other organizations);
    - aware and accept that the registration and management of a domain name is subject to the "Rules of assignment and management of domain names in ccTLD. it" and "Regulations for the resolution of disputes in the ccTLD.it" and their subsequent amendments;
    - entitled to the use and/or legal availability of the domain name applied for, and that they do not prejudice, with the request for registration, the rights of others;
    - aware that for the inclusion of personal data in the Database of assigned domain names, and their possible dissemination and accessibility via the Internet, consent must be given explicitly by ticking the appropriate boxes in the information below. See "The policy of the .it Registry in the Whois Database" on the website of the Registry (http://www.nic.it);
    - aware and agree that in the case of erroneous or false declarations in this request, the Registry shall immediately revoke the domain name, or proceed with other legal actions. In such case the revocation shall not in any way give rise to claims against the Registry;
    - release the Registry from any liability resulting from the assignment and use of the domain name by the natural person that has made the request;
    - accept Italian jurisdiction and laws of the Italian State.
    X-IT-ACCEPT-REGISTRATION-TAC = 0 | 1 - accepts "Section 5 - Consent to the processing of personal data for registration"
    
  • Sec. 5 - Consent to the processing of personal data for registration:
    The interested party, after reading the above disclosure, gives consent to the processing of information required for registration, as defined in the above disclosure. Giving consent is optional, but if no consent is given, it will not be possible to finalize the registration, assignment and management of the domain name.
    X-IT-ACCEPT-DIFFUSION-AND-ACCESSIBILITY-TAC = 0 | 1 - accepts - "Section 6 - Consent to the processing of personal data for diffusion and accessibility via the internet"
    
  • Sec. 6 - Consent to the processing of personal data for diffusion and accessibility via the Internet
    The interested party, after reading the above disclosure, gives consent to the dissemination and accessibility via the Internet, as defined in the disclosure above. Giving consent is optional, but absence of consent does not allow the dissemination and accessibility of Internet data.
    X-IT-ACCEPT-EXPLICIT-TAC = 0 | 1 - accepts "Section 7 - Explicit acceptance of the following points"
    
  • Sec. 7 - Explicit Acceptance of the following points
    For explicit acceptance, the interested party declares that they:
    d) are aware and agree that the registration and management of a domain name is subject to the "Rules of assignment and management of domain names in ccTLD.it" and "Regulations for the resolution of disputes in the ccTLD.it "and their subsequent amendments;
    e) are aware and agree that in the case of erroneous or false declarations in this request, the Registry shall immediately revoke the domain name, or proceed with other legal actions. In such case the revocation shall not in any way give rise to claims against the Registry;
    f) release the Registry from any liability resulting from the assignment and use of the domain name by the natural person that has made the request;
    g) accept the Italian jurisdiction and laws of the Italian State.

    OPTIONAL
    X-IT-NATIONALITY = <TEXT> (max. 255 chars) - the nationality of the registrant contact if it deviates from the country code.
    X-IT-REGISTRANT-ENTITY-TYPE = <INT> (max. 255 chars): In some special cases you need to specify the exact entity type of the registrant:
    


    entity-type meaning
    1 Italian and foreign natural persons
    2 Italian Companies / one man companies
    3 freelance workers / professionals
    4 non-profit organizations
    5 public organizations
    6 other subjects
    7 foreigners who match 2 - 6


If the Registrant is an individual, the owner contact and the administrative contact must coincide!


Only individual and juridical persons residing in or belonging to a EU Member State can register domain names under the ccTLD "it". Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Esthonia, Finland, France, Germany, United Kingdom, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden. For customers of any other country, we offer a Trustee Service.

If the registrant is an individual, the .IT PIN has to be

  • The registrant's fiscal code (for Italian citizens consisting of exactly 16 characters and numbers) or
  • the number of an identity document (for citizens resident in other EU states, where there is no equivalent individual fiscal code).

If the registrant is an organization, the .IT PIN has to be

  • The company's fiscal code (for Italian companies consisting of exactly 11 digits) or
  • The company's VAT number
Please remark that the domain registration fee is non-refundable. That means that if the domain registration cannot be finished (e.g. in case of permanently failed DNS checks) the domain will be deleted after 30 days without any refunds.


Domain registration confirmation

Since summer of 2013 and after the latest roll-out of the NIC.IT guidelines (http://www.nic.it/create-and-change.it/regulations-and-guidelines), the IT registry requires the registrar to send out a confirmation email to the registrant, in order to inform him about the domain registration. This obligation is part of the EU Ecommerce Guideline of 2000 resp. 2005 and as each IT registrar is obliged to send out these emails.

Please find below an e-Mail template for individuals as well as for organizations:
For individual
For organization

Trustee Service

Depending on the TLD, the Trustee Service will be added to the existing contacts, or replaces one or more of the WHOIS contacts. Once replaced the Trustee acts on behalf of the registrant and thereby makes a registration of that specific TLD possible. It can be activated using the following parameter:

X-IT-ACCEPT-TRUSTEE-TAC = 1 ''enable our trustee service''

In order to mitigate legal risk of our Trustee, we validate all .IT domain registration requests which utilize our .IT Trustee Service. Registration of .IT domains using our Trustee Service will stay in "requested" status until validated by the Trustee lawyer. Please note that Validation can take up to 24 hours during a business day and up to 72 hours over weekends.

Nameserver Checks

PLEASE NOTE: The registry performs nameserver checks, therefore, domains are not activated until the domain's nameservers are successfully checked by the registry.

Nameservers for a .IT domain have to be correctly configured before the registration request succeeds, otherwise registration will fail.
Please check that the following requirements are met:

  • there must be at least 2 (two) authoritative nameservers for the domain name, and they must correspond exactly to those found in the registration of the domain name
  • the IP addresses of hosts in the registration of the domain name must correspond to those actually associated with them in the DNS
  • the domain name cannot be associated with a CNAME record
  • the name of the nameserver specified in the SOA record for the domain name cannot be a CNAME
  • the names of the authoritative nameservers for the domain name cannot be CNAMEs
  • if there is an MX registration it cannot be associated with a CNAME
  • all hosts in the registration must be authoritative for the domain name registered

    Transfer

    There is a different transfer procedure depending, if the domain name is currently registered with a REGISTRAR (EPP system) or with a MAINTAINER (older registration system). To see if a domain is currently registered with a REGISTRAR or with a MAINTAINER simply have a look at the whois:

    mnt-by: <REGISTRARNAME>-REG --> Domain is registered with a REGISTRAR
    mnt-by: <REGISTRARNAME>-MNT --> Domain is registered with a MAINTAINER
    

    Transfers from a REGISTRAR

    The transfer has to be initiated by the gaining registrar and can be requested with the API TransferDomain command.
    A valid Authorization Code must be provided to initiate a transfer successfully. You may obtain the authorization code from the losing registrar.
    As soon as a domain transfer has been initiated it can either be approved ("ACK") by Registrar or denied ("NACK") by Registrar. If the registry receives neither a denial ("NACK") nor an approval ("ACK") the transfer will be ACKed after 1 day.


    Transfer Notes

    Renewal Process

    Domains cannot be renewed explicitly. To renew a domain you have to set the domain renewal mode or default renewal mode to AUTORENEW. Within the AUTORENEW process the registration period will be extended by 1 year.

    Addons

    The following overview shows you all available Domain Addons which can be used for this special kind of TLD. It also shows the respective API parameters which are required to activate the Domain Addons:

    Addon Class Parameter to (de)activate *1) Renewal term *2) Affected Parameters *3)
    Trustee X-IT-ACCEPT-TRUSTEE-TAC = 0 | 1 1 month OWNERCONTACT,ADMINCONTACT
    Trustee X-IT-ACCEPT-TRUSTEE-TAC = 0 | 1 1 month OWNERCONTACT,ADMINCONTACT
    Trustee X-IT-ACCEPT-TRUSTEE-TAC = 0 | 1 1 month OWNERCONTACT,ADMINCONTACT
    Trustee X-IT-ACCEPT-TRUSTEE-TAC = 0 | 2 1 month OWNERCONTACT,ADMINCONTACT
    Trustee X-IT-ACCEPT-TRUSTEE-TAC = 0 | 2 1 month OWNERCONTACT,ADMINCONTACT
    Trustee X-IT-ACCEPT-TRUSTEE-TAC = 0 | 3 1 month OWNERCONTACT,ADMINCONTACT
    Trustee X-IT-ACCEPT-TRUSTEE-TAC = 0 | 3 1 month OWNERCONTACT,ADMINCONTACT






    *1) Parameter to (de)activate: When accessing our backend through the API, you can either activate the addon with X-IT-ACCEPT-TRUSTEE-TAC=1 or deactivate it with
          X-IT-ACCEPT-TRUSTEE-TAC=0
    *2) Renewal Term: Is the minimum renewal term of the "Addon Class"
    *3) If you are using a "Trustee" Domain Addon normally the original owner contact or the original admin contact or both are replaced by a contact provided by the trustee provider.
          
          
          
          
          
          
          
          
          
          
          
          



    RegistrarOC

    Restore Process

    To restore a domain as a RegistrarOC customer, you simply have to execute the RestoreDomain command. HEXONET directly forwards the restore request to the registry, which performs the restore in real-time. As soon as the restore is complete, the domain will get assigned to your account with the original domain data.

    Please do not initiate a restore directly at the registry (e.g. using the registrar webinterface). All restore operations must be performed through our system.